Notation System


Notation :

There exist two notation systems. One developed by Pt. Paluskar which is a little more elaborate and for the same reason intricate and difficult to use and the other developed by Pt. Bhatkhande which is a little easy to use.

-   ShuddhaSwar [Normal Notes] : No symbol for shuddhaswar.
    Example : Sa, Re, Ga, Ma

-   KomalSwar [Flat Notes] : Shown by a small horizontal line underneath.
    Example : Re, Ga, Dha, Ni

-   TeevraSwar [Sharp Notes] : That is, Ma shown by a small vertical line on the top.

-   MandraSaptakSwar [Lower Octave Note] : Shown by a dot below.
    Example :

-   MaddhyaSaptak : Has no sign.
    Example : Pa, Ma

-   TaarSaptakSwar [Higher Octave Note] : Shown by a dot above.
    Example :

-   A dash [hiphen "-"] : Used for lengthening the note. One dash corresponds to one beat when the playing or singing with the taal.
    Example : Sa - Ni - consists of four beats in all.

-   Avagraha : Shown by "S". It's used for having pauses in the words.
    Example :GoSSSvindaSSS

-   Chandra : Shown by half moon. Any number of notes can be inside the half moon to indicate that they are to be rendered in 1 beat.
    Example :

-   KanSwar (Grace Note) : Writen above the note to the left top in small letter size.
    Example : Sa ReGa

-   Meend : Continuing sound from one note to the other.
    Example :

-  Notes in bracket : Equal to a short phrase of three or four. It's sung very fast so that the notes blend and sound as one note.
   The order for these notes is, one note after the note in bracket, the note after, the note in bracket so on.
    Example : (Sa)- ReSaNiSa

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