Raagang Paddhati

  

Raagang Paddhati :

What is Raagang Padhhati ? 'Raagang' means a unique phrase in a Raag suggesting its characteristic feature. This key-phrase is called as Raagang and if any Raag contains this key-phrase, that Raag belongs to the family of main Ang-Raag.

Pt. N M Khare has listed such 30 Raagang-s, as following -

      1. Bhairav - GmrS - Ragas such as Bhairav, Ramkali, Jogiya, AhirBhairav, ShivmatBhairav, etc. belong to this Ang.

      2. Bilawal - P DG mGmRS - Types of Bilawal such as Alahaiya, Sarparda, Kukubh, Devgiri, ShuklaBilwal and other Raags such as            Gunkali, Deshkar, etc.

      3. Kalyan - PR S, RG & PDPP S' - many varieties of Kalyan, Bhoop, Marubihag, JaitKalyan, ShyamKalyan, etc.

      4. Khamaj - SGmP, nDP - Khamaj, Zinzoti, Tilang, Khambavati.

      5. Kafi - mPgR - Kafi, Sindhura, Pradipki, etc.

      6. Poorvi - dPMP G MGr S - Poorwi, Paraj, PuriyaDhanashree, etc.

      7. Marawa - DMGr - Marawa, PurvaKalyaan, Maligaura, Sajgiri, etc.

      8. Todi - rgrS - Varieties of Todi, such as Gujari, bahaduriTodi, etc.

      9. Bhairavi - gmdn / rnS'-dP - Malkauns, BilaskhaniTodi, Bhairavi, BasantMukhari.

  10. Sarang - NpmR - Varieties of Sarang such as vrindavani, madhamad, shudhha, samat, miyaki, badhanssarang, etc. Also            SoorMalhar.

    11. Dhanashree - mPgRS - Bhimapalasi, Dhani, Patdeep, Multani, Madhuvanti, etc.

    12. Lalit - 'NrGm - Lalit, LalitaGauri, LalitPancham, LalitBibhas, PrabhatBhairav, BasantPancham.

    13. Sorath - mPNS'R'-DnDP - Desh, TilakKamod, Jaijaiwanti.

    14. Piloo - PdNS - Piloo, Barawa, some Dhun-Raags.

    15. Nat - SR RG GM - Shuddha Nat, Sar Nat, Chhayanat, Nat Bihag, Hem Nat, Nat Bhairav, Nat Malhar, etc.

    16. Shree - rP-NS'r' - Shree, Triveni, ChaitiGauri, etc.

    17. Bageshree - gmDn - Bageshree, Rageshree, Malgunji, Bahar, KaunsiKanada.

    18. Kauns - gmgS - Malkauns, Chandrakauns, Madhukauns, JogKauns, etc.

    19. Kedar - MPDPm - Kedar, JaldharKedar, MaluhaKedar, ChandaniKedar, Nat Kedar.

    20. Shankara - GPN-P - Shankara, Malashree, Hamsadhwani.

    21. Asavari - mPd-P - Asawari, Jaunpuri, DevGandhar, Gandhari, Desi, LachariTodi.

    22. Kanada - nP-gmRS - Darbari, Adana, Nayaki, Shahana, Suha, Sughrai, Abhogi, Devsakh, Hussaini, KafiKanada.

    23. Malhar - nDNS - Varieties of Malhar such as Miya, Ramdasi, Megh, Gaud Malhar, etc.

    24. Hindol - GMDS' - Hindol, Sohani, BhinnaShadja.

    25. Asa - RmPD - Asa, Bhavani, Maand, Arabhi.

    27. Bihag - GmG-RS - Bihag, Bihagda, Patbihag, SawaniBihag, Nand, etc.

    28. Kamod - GmRS - Kamod, Chhayanat, ShyamKalyan, Gaud Sarang.

    29. Bhatiyar - PGrS - Bhatiyar, Bhankaar, etc.

    30. Durga - DMRS - Durga, GorakhKalyan, Narayani.

Imporatance of Raagang Padhhati :

Even though the 2 Raags having same notes, according to the phrasing (Pakad or Ang and Chalan), one can classify the Raags in different Raagangs and Thaats -

Though Pandit Bhatkhande introduced the system of 10 Thaats to classify Raags, he was aware of its inadequacies and so, also considering the Pakad, Chalan of a Raag, he suggested further classification with using method of 'Raagang', e.g. as RaagBhoop uses the phrase P RS, RG suggesting KalyaanAng, RaagBhoop is classified in KalyaanThaat; on the contrary, RaagDeshkaar uses phrase P DG suggesting BilawalAng, he has classified it in BilawalThaat.

The Raagang Padhhati gives guidelines about improvisation of Raag -

1. Komal Rishabh Asavari & Bilaskhani Todi has same notes and both belong to Bhairavi Thaat. But as Bilaskhani Todi has Todi Raagang, it is improvised with TodiAng and on the other hand, KomalRishabh Asavari is improvised accordingly to Asavari Ang.

2. GujariTodi, though it is a Raag in the Todi family, it is improvised with MarawaAng, giving importance to dmgr phrase.

Raagang system makes it easy to identify other catagories of Raags -

Sam-PrakrutikRaags (Raags with same emotion or nature, e.g. Patdeep and Madhuwanti), Par-Mel-praveshakRaags (Raags using notes similar to 2 Thaats, e.g. Jaijaiwanti using Khamaj and KafiThaat), ChhayalagRaags (Raags using tint or shade of some other Raag, e.g. LalitPancham using tint of RaagPancham in RaagLalit).

The Raagang system gives a clear idea of the varieties of any Raag -

E.g. all Raags in family of Bilawalprakar, use some common phrases of BilawalAng, and one can easily make a point in differentiating other types, such as Nat Bilawal (Bilawal with Nat ang), Yamani Bilawal (Combination of Yaman&Bilawal), SukhiyaBilawal (Combination of Sawani&Bilawal), Etc.



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